Тексты на английском Rss


The Roman Empire The Roman Empire / Римская империя The Roman Empire had a huge task in front of them while it was first starting out and while it was becoming a dominant dynasty in the early civilizations. The main problem that the book "Discovering the Global Past" points out is how the Roman Empire found itself growing a little too quickly. The Roman Empire started out very small...


U.S. Financial System U.S. Financial System / Финансовая система США Corporations have the need to raise capital for a number of reasons. Smaller firms need capital to start up operations. Larger firms need capital to expand operations and to finance inventory. There are various ways in which a firm can raise capital through the financial system and numerous individuals and entities...


Microburst Microburst / Микропорыв There are many safety factors that pilots have to take into consideration while completing a safe flight. Everything has to be taken into mind when planning a flight. From weight and balance to preflight inspections. One safety factor that is impossible to have control over is weather. There are many aspects of weather that can affect an aircraft,...


Romanian Orphanages Romanian Orphanages / Румынские сироты Imagine a hospital that, at one time ran smoothly helping the public, now with the primary objection of taking care of the thousands of abandoned infants and children. This is the reality in Romania when Nicolae Ceausescu was in power. In 1966 he created an Anti-Abortion/Contraception law in order to raise the population and...


Introducing Christian Ethics Introducing Christian Ethics / Введение в христианскую этику The book that I have chosen to do my book review on is Introducing Christian Ethics, written by Henlee H. Barnette. This book deals with many Christian ethical decisions based on biblical foundations that are applied to various major problems. Some of the major problems pertain to the self,...



Топик на английском по теме: Religion / Религия

Androcentrism / Андроцентризм

When I started to think about what to write for this paper I wanted to learn more about androcentrism. Well, I guess I know what it means, but I wanted to see what it means to other people. In Random House Webster’s Unabridged Dictionary 2nd Edition the definition for androcentric is centered on emphasizing, or dominated by males or masculine interests. Then I went online and mostly the same definition. The only definition that I found that said anything about women was at http://dictionary.reference.com. It read: centered or focused on men, often to the neglect or exclusion of women. I started to wonder what religious dictionary’s thought of androcentrism. So I looked up some religious dictionaries. After about 10 of them I gave up because I came empty handed. It’s like they didn’t believe it existed. But, to my surprise I did find a definition to androgyny in a few of them. And let’s not forget my personal definition: Men are better than women. Although I do not think this is true, that is just how I see androcentrism.

Now I am going to talk about the levels of androcentrism that make the study of religions difficult. I am going to refer a lot to the book Feminism and Religion by Rita M. Gross. The first level of andrcentrism is the history. «As in the study of contemporary religions, many conventional historians are most interested in those who wielded power, which means that not only women, but other disempowered groups have been left out of many historical records.» Basically this is saying that historians choose to keep men’s story because they held the power in history. I know that it may have seemed that men held the power, but they didn’t get there by them selves. Behind every good man stands a greater woman. For some unknown reason women were under looked. I think that this is very sad. Gross’s book also stated that «Women function as mythic and symbolic models for the men’s sacred ceremonies; they also have an extensive religious life of their own, from which men are rigidly excluded.» This led me to think that men were almost jealous of women. This wouldn’t surprise me.

The second level is that when women’s stories are kept, they are not often told. I think that this all depends on who is telling you about religion. If you are listening to a feminist, she would most likely tell you about women in past religions. She obviously had to dig harder to find these stories. Now if a man was telling you about pass religions he would talk about the all and powerful man, like women didn’t even exist.

The third level of androcentrism is «when contemporary academic scholars study the history of a religious tradition, they usually focus on what the tradition itself emphasized — the records of its male heroes.» I think that historians just concentrated on the more popular stories of religion. The more popular stories or the stories that were told the most were about men. I think that this is because men were the ones tell the story in the first place, and they weren’t about to talk about women. Men did all the heroic things, unlike women who couldn’t do heroic things or were not aloud to do them. Even if and when they did I’m sure it was never talked about. Men wouldn’t want women showing them up now would they?

The last and final level of androcentrism is that many religions today are still very androcentric and patriarchal in social and institutional form. I think that androcentrism has gone on for so long that people don’t want to or know how to change it. Especially in religion.

The only way to change things is to keep working on it. Keep researching about women in history and keep spreading the word about women’s work. After listening in this class I often wonder if I would have paid more attention in church if more of the stories would have been about women. It’s something that I am really starting to think about.

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