Without thinking about the origin of items, we are with you in everyday life are faced with goods, the production of which is somehow connected with oil and its components.
For example, household appliances and large parts of cars, furniture, dishes are made of plastic. Ethylene vinyl acetate is used in the production of cable sheaths, Shoe soles and toys, and from styrene produce stationery, plumbing and even refrigerators. Polyethylene is the most popular packaging material today. From it also do, including, and all known plastic bottles. From petrochemical products also produce rubber and various rubber products. In addition to a variety of modern materials, effective detergents and other household chemicals are produced from oil.
A special place in everyday life is occupied by synthetic fabrics. These materials are used to produce a variety of goods, from sewing threads to fishing nets and conveyor belts. The first synthetic fiber was nylon, obtained in 1939.
Among the most famous synthetic fabrics Ц durable, non-tearing nylon (polyamide); soft, wool-like acrylic; lycra, which is added to both natural and synthetic fabrics to give them elasticity; durable, not wrinkled, but not breathable polyester.
Finally, the strangest sphere of application, which was invented for oil, is our food. As noted by the General Director of «INFOLine-Analytics» Mikhail Burmistrov, in terms of rising prices for food products in the United States and several other countries is becoming increasingly important food production using microbiological synthesis of protein from petroleum products and waste oil refining.
Processing only 2% of the volume of oil produced annually allows to produce up to 25 million tons of protein, which is enough to feed 2 billion people during the year. It is used in the production of a wide variety of products, replacing animal protein.