The concept of «volunteer» comes from the French word «volontaire», which takes its roots from the Latin language, namely from the Latin word «voluntarius», which literally means «a volunteer who wants.»
A volunteer or a volunteer is one who, according to his desire, in his hunt, undertakes to do some work. In this regard, the concept of «volunteer movement», «volunteering», «volunteering» will be used by us as synonyms.
The history of volunteering shows that wide sections of the population, regardless of profession, income and level of education, have always participated in volunteer work. Membership in volunteer movements has neither religious, nor age, nor racial, nor gender restrictions. Every year, volunteering is becoming increasingly popular in the world.
Since 1985, December 5, volunteers around the world celebrate the International Volunteer Day, established by the UN. By the decision of the UN General Assembly, 2001 was declared the international year of volunteering, and ten years later, by decision of the European Commission, 2011 was officially declared the Year of Volunteering in Europe. Thus, the UN recognized the importance of the volunteer movement and called on all countries of the world to implement measures to support it.
Volunteering, as any activity can be organized and unorganized, carried out in a group or individually, in private organizations or public. Unorganized (spontaneous) volunteering can be defined as one-time, one-time, episodic assistance to those in need. Organized volunteering, most often, is defined as a regular activity carried out with the assistance of non-profit public or private organizations.
The forms of volunteering are varied: as one-time charity events and actions, projects and grants, target programs, camps, and carried out on an ongoing basis. Within the framework of these measures, feasible social, cultural, economic, and environmental problems of society are solved.