The capital of the United States was founded in 1791, and in 1871, Washington, together with a number of other nearby territories, was merged into a single district — Columbia. Interestingly, in the USA there is also a state of the same name, because the Americans themselves call the capital not only DC (D-C).
The population of Washington is 601,723 people, but a large number of people from the suburbs, as well as many tourists come here to work every day. As a result, the number of population increases to 1 million people and even higher.
All power of the USA is concentrated in Washington. The White House is the office of the president of the country, in DC there are also offices and headquarters of the World Bank, the IMF and many other organizations, as well as more than 150 embassies of various countries.
Supreme power over Washington has the US Congress. Because of their special obedience, city residents have less of the various freedoms of self-government than state residents.
The motto of the city is the Latin Justitia Omnibus, which translates as Justice for All.
In the course of the research, scientists established that 4,000 years ago Native Americans lived on the territory of modern Washington, there were several small settlements here.
The largest number of residents in the city was registered in 1950 — 802178 people. After the Great Depression of the 1930s, people began to arrive here to work in the state apparatus.
Among the memorable events in the history of Washington are the riots of 1968 that erupted after the assassination of Martin Luther King. Within a few days, many buildings were crushed, and 13,000 soldiers were brought in to pacify the storming masses. The restoration took more than thirty years, so much damage was done to the city.
The notorious event was the September 11, 2001 terrorist attack, when a passenger plane crashed into the Pentagon building at full speed. On the same day, terrorist attacks took place in New York, when the famous twin towers collapsed.